Largest quarterly number of first-time buyers in Scotland since 2007
Published: 27 August 2014
New CML data on the characteristics of lending in Scotland in the second quarter of 2014 show it remains driven primarily by lending for house purchase, with remortgage activity showing year-on-year decline.
- In the second quarter, there were 7,500 first-time buyer loans in Scotland - 29% up on the previous quarter, and 23% up on Q2 2013. First-time buyers in the period borrowed £790 million - up 39% on the previous quarter and 32% on Q2 2013.
- At 8,600 loans, there were 34% more home-mover loans in the second quarter than the first, and 12% more than in Q2 2013. The value of home-mover lending was £1.2 billion, up 41% on the first quarter and 18% up on the second quarter 2013.
- Remortgage lending in the quarter declined in Scotland compared to the previous quarter and the same quarter in 2013.
Lending for home-owner house purchase
House purchase lending to home-buyers increased quarter-on-quarter in Scotland totalling 16,100 loans, up 32% compared to the first quarter and the value of these loans totalled £2.2bn, a rise of 38% on the first quarter. Compared to the second quarter of 2013, the number of loans increased by 17% and the value of lending by 22%.
Chart 1: House purchase lending in Scotland: Year-on-year % change in Scotland compared and the UK
Lending to first-time buyers
First-time buyer affordability changed fractionally, with first-time buyers typically borrowing 2.98 times their gross income, unchanged compared to the first quarter and less than the UK average of 3.46. The typical loan size for first-time buyers was £95,000 in the second quarter, up from just under £90,000 in the previous quarter. The typical gross income of a first-time buyer household was £32,300 compared to £30,700 in the first quarter.
The relatively low level of interest rates saw first-time buyers' payment burden remaining relatively low in the second quarter at 16.7% of gross income being spent to cover capital and interest payments, a smaller proportion of income than the 19.4% UK average and 16.9% in the first quarter.
Chart 2: Lending to FTBs in Scotland, number of loans advanced, and lending to FTBs in Scotland as a proportion of the UK total
Lending to home movers
In the second quarter of 2014, lending to home movers showed similar growth patterns in Scotland to first-time buyer lending.
Home mover affordability changed fractionally, with home movers typically borrowing 2.69 times their gross income compared 2.66 in the first quarter and to 3.09 for the UK overall. The typical loan size for home movers was £128,600 in second quarter, up from £120,500 in the previous quarter. The typical gross household income of a home mover was £49,100 in second quarter compared to £47,400 in first quarter.
Home movers' payment burden remained relatively low in Scotland at 17.2% of gross income being spent to cover monthly capital and interest payments, less than the 17.3% in the first quarter and the 18.7% UK average.
Lending to home owners for remortgage
Remortgage lending in Scotland declined compared to both the first three months of the year , and the same quarter last year. Home-owner remortgage lending in the second quarter totalled 5,700 loans advanced in the period, which was a decrease of 7% on first quarter and down 20% on the second quarter 2013. These loans totalled £630m in value, a decrease of 6% quarter-on-quarter and down 13% compared to Q2 2013.
Chart 3: Remortgage lending in Scotland compared to the UK, year-on-year % change
Linda Docherty, chair of CML Scotland, commented:
“Lending in Scotland has remained robust this quarter, despite the introduction of new FCA mortgage market rules. We will, however, need more time to understand the full effect of the new rules. House purchase lending has been the main catalyst of increased activity, with larger quarter-on-quarter growth in Scotland than the UK overall. The comparatively favourable conditions in the Scottish market has meant that first-time buyer numbers continue to grow to levels not seen since 2007.”
Notes to editors
1. The Council of Mortgage Lenders' members are banks, building societies and other lenders who together undertake around 95% of all residential mortgage lending in the UK. There are 11.1 million mortgages in the UK, with loans worth over £1.2 trillion.
2. Source: CML Regulated Mortgage Survey
3. The Council of Mortgage Lenders does not publish statistics for mortgage approvals. The data in our monthly Regulated Mortgage Survey and gross lending press releases relate to mortgage advances only. A mortgage approval is the firm offer to a customer of a specific amount of credit secured against a particular property. A mortgage advance is the total amount of loan actually provided to the buyer, by the lender. Please see the mortgage statistics timeline on our website for further information.
4. Data for the third quarter of 2014 will be released on Wednesday 26 November 2014.